Blowing horns

The Asmat create their blowing horns from a piece of bamboo. At one end, in the closed segment of the node, a hole is drilled. This is to be the mouthpiece. The remaining partitions inside of the tube will be completely removed. The length and circumference of the horn determines its pitch. Horns are used as for musical instruments and as sound-transmitting signals. The outside may be unadorned or decorated with intricate incised patterns or relief carvings. Some horns have two small appendages that will look like legs with a loin cloth.

The Safan region the south produce horns made of wood, a practice that has been taken over by the Kayagar that live near the river. The mouth of the horn starts out small and round and becomes wider toward end of the instrument. They are often carved with lofty motives or relief designs. The sound of the blowing horns were meant to intimidate the enemy during war or acted as a signal their return from a successful headhunting battle. However, they are also used occasionally for musical instruments. They may  be played alone or there  may be two or more horns with different tones, blown to the rhythm of drums and accompanied by festival singing.

Asmat blowing horn